Copyright 2012 Janet Zadina, Ph.D. All rights reserved.
Site Design by McKinney's Designs
Responding to Tragedy: Resources for Educators and Parents

Posttraumatic stress disorder: Often missed in primary care

Tips and Policy Recommendations

Numerous Recources for Creating Trauma-Sensitive Schools

Trauma-Informed Care (as Published in the APA Journal of Physiotherapy)

Tai Chi Helps Manage Intrusive Thoughts in Veterans With PTSD
Researchers report practicing Tai Chi can help to alleviate some of the symptoms of PTSD for veterans.

Military PTSD Recovery Resources
Asking for help is strength, not weakness.

Reduce the Noise
Help loved ones with sensory overload enjoy shopping. 

PTSD and the Workplace
What Employers and Coworkers Need to Know

Stages of Recovery
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recovery can be a completely unique experience for every person. 

Combat PTSD in Women
Women's changing role in our military

Resources for children with anxiety and stress from

Brain changes seen in veterans with PTSD after mindfulness training
Surprising findings suggest promise of mind-body techniques; more study needed

Talk Therapy May Reverse Biological Changes in PTSD Patients
A new paper published in Biological Psychiatry suggests that cognitive behavioral therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) not only reduces symptoms but also affects the underlying biology of this disorder.

Neurofeedback Tunes Key Brain Networks, Improving Well-Being in PTSD
Pioneering research conducted at Western University points to a promising avenue for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Brief Therapy Eases Symptoms of Combat-Related Psychological Trauma
This technique is also known as EMDR and many psychologists are trained in this. You should be able to find it locally and it only takes a few sessions.

Fight or Flight What  does "fight or flight mean?
UT Counseling and Mental Health Center - The term "fight or flight" describes a mechanism in the body that enables humans and animals to mobilize a lot of energy rapidly in order to cope with threats to survival. Warning! Not for the faint of heart.

Community Togetherness Plays Vital Role in Coping With Tragedies
Community solidarity and support have remarkable benefits for people coping with traumatic mass shootings, according to an American-Finnish research study recently published by the University of Turku.

Diaries: A Healthy Choice: New York Times
Putting your feelings into words is good for you. Psychologist Jamie Pennebaker long ago showed that people who spent about an hour writing about something emotionally bad that happened to them ended up going to see the doctor less over the next six months than people who wrote about something more mundane

Bothered by Negative, Unwanted Thoughts? Just Throw Them Away


American Psychiatric Association. 1400 K Street NW, Washington D.C. 20005.

Anxiety Disorders Association of America, Inc. 11900 Parklawn Drive, Suite 100, Rockville, MD 20852. (301) 231-9350.

Childhelp USA, 15757 North 78 Street, Scottsdale, AZ 85260. 1-800-422-4453. - mission is to provide research-based, expert-written content from experienced professionals. This link ( received many thousands of visits since the recent tragic death of Robin Williams, an event which has brought the relationship between addiction and depression into popular discourse. This moment has encouraged us to take a more proactive role in raising awareness of co-occuring disorders. 

International Critical Incident Stress Foundation, Inc. 10176 Baltimore National Pike, Unit 201, Ellicott City, MD21042. (410) 750-9600. Emergency: (410) 313-2473. 

International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. 60 Revere Drive, Suite 500, Northbrook, IL 60062. (847) 480-9028. 

National Center for PTSD. 1116D V.A. Medical Center, 215 N. Main Street, White River Junction, VT 05009-0001.(802) 296-5132.​

National Domestic Violence Hotline 1-512-453-8117 

National Helpline 1-800-662-HELP 

National Institute of Mental Health. 6001 Executive Boulevard, Rm. 8184, MSC 9663, Bethesda, MD

Suggested Reading

Ledoux, J. (1996) The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life. Touchstone, New York.

Martin, P. (1997) The Healing Mind: The Vital Links Between Brain and Behavior, Immunity and Disease. Thomas Dunne Books, New York.

McEwen, B.S. & Schmeck, H. M. Jr (1994) The Hostage Brain. The Rockefeller University Press, New York.

Schiraldi, G. R. (2000) The Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Sourcebook: A Guide to Healing, Recovery, and Growth. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Siegel, D.J. ((2007) The Mindful Brain: Reflection and Attunement in the Cultivation of Well-being. W W Norton & Company, New York.


Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy Mechanism in Human Agency. American Psychologist, 37, No.2, 122-147.

Benight, C. C. & Bandura, A. (2004). Social cognitive theory of posttraumatic recovery: the role of perceived self-efficacy. Behav.Res Ther., 42, 1129-1148.

Benight, C.C. & Harper, M.L. (2002) Coping self-efficacy perceptions as a mediator between acute stress response and long-term distress following natural disasters. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 15, No. 3. pp 177-186.

Benight, C,. C., Ironson, g., Durham, R.L. 1999) Psychometric properties of a hurricane coping self-efficacy measure.. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 12, No. 2, pp 379

Bishop, S. R. (2002). What do we really know about mindfulness-based stress reduction? Psychosom.Med., 64, 71-83.

Brown, R.P. & Gerbarg, P.L. (2005) Sudarshan Kriya yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression: Part II - clinical applications and guidelines. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 11, No.4. pp 711-717.

Cunningham, C., Brown, S., & Kaski, J. C. (2000). Effects of transcendental meditation on symptoms and electrocardiographic changes in patients with cardiac syndrome X. Am.J.Cardiol., 85, 653-5, A10.

Dunn, A. L., Trivedi, M. H., & O'Neal, H. A. (2001). Physical activity dose-response effects on outcomes of depression and anxiety. Med.Sci.Sports Exerc., 33, S587-S597.

Gordon, J. S., Staples, J. K., Blyta, A., & Bytyqi, M. (2004). Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in postwar Kosovo high school students using mind-body skills groups: a pilot study. J.Trauma Stress, 17, 143-147.

Krakow, B., Germain, A., Warner, T. D., Schrader, R., Koss, M., Hollifield, M. et al. (2001). The relationship of sleep quality and posttraumatic stress to potential sleep disorders in sexual assault survivors with nightmares, insomnia, and PTSD. J.Trauma Stress, 14, 647-665.

LeDoux, J. (1996). The Emotional Brain: The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Medley,M. (2012) A Role for English Language Teachers in Trauma Healing. TESOL Journal, 3.1, 110-125.

Michalsen, A., et al. (2005) Rapid stress reduction and anxiolysis among distressed women as a consequence of a three-month intensive yoga program. Med Sci Monit. 11 No. 12. pp. 555-561.

Miller, J. J., Fletcher, K., & Kabat-Zinn, J. (1995). Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Gen.Hosp.Psychiatry, 17, 192-200.

Moore, A., Gruber, T., Derose, J., & Malinowski, P. ( 2.10.2012) Regular, brief mindfulness meditation practice improves electrophysiological markers of attentional control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Pert, C. B. (1997). Molecules of emotion: The science behind mind-body medicine. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Salmon, P. (2001). Effects of physical exercise on anxiety, depression, and sensitivity to stress: a unifying theory. Clin.Psychol.Rev., 21, 33-61.

Shapiro, S. L., Schwartz, G. E., & Bonner, G. (1998). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on medical and premedical students. J.Behav.Med., 21, 581-599.

van der Kolk, B.A., McFarlane, A.C., Weisaeth, L. (1996) eds. Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society. Guilford, New York.

Williams, Mary Beth, PhD, LCSW, CTS and Poijula, Soili, PhD., (2002) The PTSD Workbook Simple, Effective Techniques for Overcoming Traumatic Stress Symptoms – New Harbinger Publications, Inc., Oakland, CA
The Butterfly Project Resources
Copyright 2013 Janet Zadina, Ph.D. All rights reserved
Janet N. Zadina, Ph.D
Brain Research and Instruction

Science and Strategies
Janet N. Zadina, Ph.D
Brain Research and Instruction
Bridging Neuroscience and Education​

"Science and Strategies"